Is This the End of the Dollar? Will Fiat Currencies Collapse?

Infinite row of dollar bills
  • Many authors fear the total collapse of fiat currencies or the end of the dollar. 
  • They forget that central banks can not only print money but retire it from circulation, too. 
  • Higher inflation of the dollar and other main currencies is very likely, but a collapse is not. 
  • But investing in real assets is also a good choice if you aren’t expecting the end of paper money. 
  • (opinion)

50 Billion Yugoslavian Dinar


Many Fear the End of the Dollar, the Collapse of Fiat Currencies

The US dollar will collapse. Fiat currencies are ending rapidly. “The Biden–Yellen team will fulfill our worst fears of deficit spending, debt explosion and dollar collapse”–wrote, for example, Zerohedge. Only real assets, like physical investments, gold, real estate, cryptocurrencies, may survive.

This sort of opinion is very frequent since last spring, the beginning of the coronavirus-crisis. I agree inflation may jump in the next years, perhaps reaching the two-digit territory. I also think real assets is one of the best investments in the next 1-3 years. (Read: 8 Compelling Reasons to Watch Commodity Investments) But I don’t think fiat currencies will collapse or be replaced by other money types. Some years of money printing and higher inflation doesn’t mean the end of the world (and the fiat currencies) arrives.

The “N”-Word Currencies

It may seem strange how many currencies have an “N” in their international code. It stands for the word “new”:

  • PLN=New Polish Zloty;
  • RON=New Romanian Leu;
  • PEN=New Peruvian Sol;
  • MXN=New Mexican Peso;
  • BGN=New Bulgarian Lev (in reality, the 4th Lev already…)
  • Etc.

Other currencies don’t have “N” in their codes, like

  • the Argentinian Peso (ARG),
  • the Brazilian Real (BRL),
  • the Zimbabwe Dollar (ZWL),
  • the New Israeli Sheqel (ILS), or
  • the Serbian Dinar (RSD).

But we know these countries also inflated their money to death before. Some countries must introduce brand new money every 2-3 decades. Their politicians seem to be addicted to inflationary policies.

The Biggest Theft in History is Inflation

There so many “new” currencies in the world because the old one lost all its value. In most cases, one million, one billion, or one trillion (1,000,000,000,000) of the old unit became one “new” currency. Old savings, bank accounts, banknotes, bonds, often got completely worthless after these currency reforms.

Hyperinflation: Zimbabwe, 50 trillion dollars, 2009
Hyperinflation: Zimbabwe, 50 trillion dollars, 2009 (Wikimedia Commons)

Were these high-inflationary periods a theft? Yes. The expropriation of savings of the people, the private property? Yes. Did fiat currencies fail after these hyper-inflation periods? Did currencies based on precious metals return? No, they didn’t.

How to Substitute Collapsed Fiat Currencies?

How could you substitute a fiat currency which value is declining, eroding? Cryptocurrency fans and “gold bugs” (persons who are extremely bullish on gold) think, with cryptos and precious metals. But, in the past, fiat money was substituted always by other fiat money. New zloty or leu, novo cruzeiro after the collapse of old Polish, Rumanian, Brazilian currencies. Or, sometimes, they use the fiat currency of another country:

After the Zimbabwean dollar was suspended indefinitely from 12 April 2009, Euro, United States dollar, Pound sterling, South African rand, Botswana pula, Australian dollar, Chinese yuan, and Japanese yen are used as legal tender. The United States dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions. (Wikipedia)

Picture: European banknote burning. But the euro got much stronger last year.
Picture: European banknote burning. But the euro got much stronger last year.

Finally, Is the End of the Dollar Coming?

The dollar underperformed most currencies of developed countries in 2020. With a reason, because of the unprecedented Fed easing measures and record coronavirus-crisis government rescue-packages. People are talking about the end of the US dollar for many years, especially since the Lehman Brothers-collapse in 2008.

But in the end, the dollar had never experienced inflation rates so high as other currencies in “developing countries”. The dollar never lost all its value, but this doesn’t mean it may never happen. Although, it seems to be unlikely. Because the effects of money printing can be also reversed. Last week, high officials of the Federal Reserve already mentioned the possibility of the “tapering”. They may stop money printing or even retire money from circulation. If the economy revives, high economic growth returns this year.

Chart: Is this the end? The DX US Dollar Index futures price (
Chart: Is this the end? The DX US Dollar Index futures price (

At the moment, central banks keep fighting with low inflation rates. A rate of around two percent, p. a. is considered as a “healthy level” of inflation. The question is, if they start tapering at the right time, too early (=more recession), or too late (=more inflation). We will see, but neither version must mean the collapse, the end of the dollar.

Do We Have Any Choice But to Inflate the Paper Money?

Is money printing in deep crises like this an error? What other choices do governments have? By history, crises before 1971. were much longer. (The year of the end of the Bretton Woods system, the end of currencies coupled to precious metals). Remember the “Great Depression” of 1929-1933? At least, approximately 4-5 years, in some countries, even more. But there was a much worse crisis before, most people didn’t even hear about:

The Long Depression was a worldwide price and economic recession, beginning in 1873 and running either through March 1879, or 1896, depending on the metrics used. (Wikipedia)

And the Financial Crisis, beginning in 2007 in the US, and 2008 in other countries? Only 2-3 years. The actual Coronavirus Crisis may last only 1-2 years if we are lucky. (Although, I’m not sure yet.) Crises seem to be shorter and shorter. Money printing is bad. But what other choices do politicians and national banks have? Sit down and wait? That could mean a much longer and deeper economic depression.

The Gold Price and the US Inflation Index, from February 1975
The Gold Price and the US Inflation Index, from February 1975 (

Conclusion: The End of the Dollar Is Not Near

In earlier decades, in the 70s, 80s, and 90s, the big problem of central banks was how to push inflation back. Today’s problem is how to generate some inflation, finally. But many other conditions changed in 30-50 years. (Globalization, demographics, automation, etc.). We will see if inflation can be contained, economic growth curbed and the planet preserved, too. It seems to be an impossible trinity. May the force be with humanity.

But I agree inflation may jump in the next years. If economic growth returns, central banks will readjust policies, retire part of the new money from circulation. I think if countries don’t print money, the crisis may be much longer or deeper. There is an old dilemma: Inflation, or unemployment. I’m sure if you have to feed your family, you would choose inflation, too.

Picture: Globe, earth, money, dollar-banknote
Globe, earth, money, dollar-banknote

But Buy Real Assets

Another conclusion is, real assets are also a good investment if you aren’t expecting the end of the dollar or the collapse of all fiat currencies. Buy some gold or silver, platinum, some crypto, some stocks, and real estate if you can…

“You have low or negative interest rates fueling inflation, and there are zillions of dollars available looking for returns. There’s a structural change to the way we look at commodities.” (Heber Cardoso on




I’m not a certified financial advisor nor a certified financial analyst, accountant nor lawyer. The contents on my site and in my posts are for informational and entertainment purposes and reflecting my collection of data, ideas, opinions. Please, make your proper research or consult your advisors before making any investment or financial or legal decisions.

I’m long in gold miner stocks, uranium miners, silver, platinum, large energy companies, and cryptocurrencies. Short in the S&P 500, Brent crude, and the German DAX at the time of writing.


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